A-Z Indian Flatbreads

October 9, 2018mayurisjikoni



India has a huge variety of flatbreads – rotis, puris, parathas, bhakris, dosas, chilas, batti, litti etc. Most of these are consumed in every household either for breakfast, lunch or dinner. Some states prefer flatbreads to rice while some need both.

It is believed that the humble roti may have originated from Persia where it was made using refined flour. The wheat version was started in the state of Awadh. A more coarser flour was used back then and shaped into a katori or bowl to hold the curry. It was considered a poor man’s diet, not needing an utensil to hold the curry.

Yet old texts do mention roti and it existed during the Harappan Culture as most people back then were agriculturists. The word roti is similar to the Sanskrit word rotika meaning flatbread eaten with curries. That word has appeared in the medical text Bhavaprasa.

Whatever the truth, flatbreads are here to stay and every day newer versions are created to suit the palates of the population. The Mega Blogging Marathon introduced me to so many different varieties of flatbread. Some stuffed, some made with different flours, some shallow fried, some deep fried. Hot or warm flatbread with a tasty curry, masala tea or pickles is favored by all.

Here I’ve listed some the parathas that I made for the A-Z Mega Blogging Marathon. During this journey I learnt how to make new flatbreads, flatbreads that I’d not heard of before. It made me realize that India in itself has such a vast cuisine, each different and yet similar.


Top Row : Left to Right

A for Akki Roti    B for Bhakri   C for Chousela   D for Dalpuri   E for Ekadashi Thalipeeth F for Fungawela Mug na Parotha

Second Row : Left to Right

G for Gulachi Poli   H for Hyderabadi Halwe ki Puri   I for Indori Masala Roti    J for Juar Jo dhodho  K for Kulcha  L for Luchi

Third Row: Left to Right

M for Makki di Roti   N for Nagori Puri     O for Onion and Carrot Ragi Bhakri     P for Padvari Rotli    Q for Qubani Naan     R for Rotla   

Fourth Row : Left to Right

S for Surati Paratha   T for Tikkar     U for Ubbu Roti     V for Vastad Roti    W for Wheat Khakhra    X for Xtra Flaky Farsi Puri

Last Row: Left to Right

Y for Yogurt Roti     Z for Zafrani Khasta Roti

Flatbreads made from Wheat Flour:

Yogurt Roti – North India

Wheat Khakhras – Gujarat

Vastad Roti – Karnataka

Surati Paratha – Gujarat

Padvari Rotli – Gujarat

Indori Masala Roti – Madhya Pradesh

Fungawela Mug na Parotha – Gujarat

Dalpuri – Uttar Pradesh

Bhakri – Gujarat

Flatbreads made from Plain Flour (maida):

Zafrani Khasta Roti – North India

Xtra Flaky Farsi Puris – Gujarat

Qubani Naan – Telangana

Nagori Puri – Uttar Pradesh

Luchi – West Bengal

Kulcha – Punjab

Hyderabadi Halwe ki Puri – Telangana

Flatbreads made from Rice Flour:

Ubbu/ Ukkarisida Roti – Karnataka

Chosela – Chhattisgarh

Akki Roti  – Karnataka

Flatbreads made from Multigrain Flour or Mixed Flours:

Tikkar – Rajasthan

Gulachi Poli – Maharashtra

Ekadashi Thalipeeth – Maharashtra

Flatbreads made from Millet or Sorghum Flour:

Rotlo – Gujarat

Onion and Carrot Ragi Bhakri – Karnataka

Juar Jo Dhodho /Sindhi Jowar Roti – Sindhi Cuisine

Flatbreads made from Cornmeal:

Makki di Roti – Punjab

You may want to check out other Indian Flatbreads that I have on my blog:

From top left to right:

Thepla –Gujarat

Atta ke Bhature – Himachal Pradesh

Sheermal – Mughlai Cuisine, Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh

2nd Row left to right:

Taftan – Uttar Pradesh

Bajri Dhebra – Gujarati

3rd Row left to right:

Bajri Aloo Parathe –  Haryana

Aloo Paratha – North India

Sattu ke Parathe – Bihar, Uttar Pradesh

Last row left to right:

Ghari Rotli/Puran Puri/Puran Poli – Gujarat, Maharashtra

Arbi ke parathe – Northern India

Please take some time to check out the round up of my fellow Mega Blogging Marathoners:

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  • Poonam Bachhav

    October 9, 2018 at 8:21 am

    Outstanding compilation di .. would definitely try my hands on a few of them. Thanks for the share.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 10, 2018 at 12:38 am

      Thanks Poonam and you’re most welcome. Please do share photos when you try any of them.

  • Mina Joshi

    October 9, 2018 at 8:40 am

    I have been following your a-z Indian flatbread posts everyday.All the breads are tempting and I am so impressed with all the research you have done. I have bookmarked a few to make soon. Hats off to your energy!!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 10, 2018 at 12:37 am

      Thank you so much Mina and please share your photos whenever you make them.

  • Heidi Roberts

    October 12, 2018 at 6:33 pm

    OMG I never knew there were so many flatbreads! I only know about four!!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 12, 2018 at 9:55 pm

      Heidi this challenge has been an eye opener for me too.. didn’t realize that there are so many varieties of flatbreads in India, I haven’t even mentioned the ones made with batter.

  • Shazia

    October 15, 2018 at 9:06 pm

    Oh my goodness, that is impressive. My mother used to make the most amazing rotis for us when we were children. Sadly I didn’t inherit her talents. Wonderful photos.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 15, 2018 at 9:42 pm

      Thank you so much Shazia, this challenge gave me the opportunity to try out so many traditional flatbreads of India.

  • Padmajha PJ

    October 16, 2018 at 4:57 pm

    Such a nice collection of flatbreads Mayuri.I enjoyed your write ups for each post. I have bookmarked so many recipes from your collection. It was great doing this marathon with you 🙂

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 16, 2018 at 5:17 pm

      Thank you so much Padmajha.

  • Renu Agrawal Dongre

    October 18, 2018 at 6:19 pm

    A beautiful collection of recipes and love reading all your post. Some where so new to me. Have bookmarked a few. Kudos to you.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 18, 2018 at 7:33 pm

      Thank you so much Renu, had fun doing this Mega BM.

  • Sandhya Ramakrishnan

    October 23, 2018 at 5:16 am

    Mayuri, each and every flatbread of your was so thought after and they look marvelous. I have so many recipes to try and hope I will get to them soon!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2018 at 8:48 pm

      Thank you so much Sandhya, I did want to stick to traditional flatbreads as I didn’t have many on the blog..and now I do, 26 of them.

  • harini

    October 24, 2018 at 8:08 pm

    A superb collection of all flatbreads. Some unique one as well. Lots of bookmarked ones here. Thanks for doing this.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 25, 2018 at 6:28 pm

      Thank you so much Harini.

  • code2cook

    October 29, 2018 at 3:42 pm

    you have created so many delicious flatbreads recipe during this BM. I loved all new recipes I came across. Many are bookmarked to try out. I am fell in love with tikar, surati paratha,ubbu roti,farsi puri is the best so flaky it came out. I am planning to work on bookmarked recipes next year onwards… Thanks for encouraging words felt good to found someone loving. Congrates di we cleared mega marathon :).

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 29, 2018 at 8:01 pm

      Thanks so much Bhawana,when we encourage each other, it makes blogging that much more fun.

  • Priya Suresh

    October 30, 2018 at 3:22 pm

    Cant say how much i loved going through your Indian flatbread Mayuri. You amazed me with your different choices and beautiful parathas. Loved your collection and kudos to u.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 30, 2018 at 5:39 pm

      Thank you so much Priya.

  • Annapurnaz

    November 29, 2018 at 4:54 pm

    You have compiled your collection very well, under so many subheadings….Great work. It was wonderful to see your posts everyday, the whole month and learnt so many different flatbreads. Well done!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      December 3, 2018 at 10:56 pm

      Thank you so much Ritu.. I enjoy going through all the posts of the participants and as you mentioned, learn something new.

  • vasusvegkitchen

    April 12, 2020 at 2:24 pm

    Superb collection di, i am bookmarking this 🙂

    1. mayurisjikoni

      April 12, 2020 at 5:07 pm

      Thank you so much.

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