Samo Tikki/ Barnyard Millet Pattis

July 6, 2020mayurisjikoni
Blog post

Samo Tikki / Barnyard Millet Pattis

Samo tikki / Barnyard Millet Pattis are gluten free, vegan, delicious and healthy too. A good way to get the family to enjoy the nutritional value of barnyard millet. Known as sama chawal, samo, moriyo, kuthiraivali.

What Is Samo?

Samo is what is known as barnyard millet in English. It can be easily confused with little millet as it looks so similar. When not hulled, barnyard millet has a tiny black spot.

How Come We Can Eat Barnyard Millet During Fasting And Not The Other Millets?

Barnyard millet, sama is not a true millet. It is a variety of grass, whose seeds we consume. The scientific name is Echinochloa esculenta. Other varieties of millets are classified as grains.

Sharing This Recipe With FoodieMonday/ Bloghop Group.

This week’s theme FARALI FARMAISH  has been suggested by Kalyani who blogs at Sizzling Tastebuds. Kalyani’s guideline for the theme is pretty simple –  prepare a dish that our family enjoys during any fasting day. And let me tell you if you were to go from north to south, east to west in India, you’d probably land up fasting everyday as there are so many fasting days.

For this week’s theme I made Samo Tikki or Barnyard Millet Pattis. A good way to use up leftover samo (sama, moriyo) khichdi which we so commonly make for fasting days.


Memories: Fasting Days

Ever since I was a kid, there were only two main fastings in our family, the Jaya Parvati Vrat whereby girls kept a 7 day fast for good husbands and the fortnightly Ekadashi fast. More than procuring a good husband, the Jaya Parvati vrats were followed because of the different nuts and dried fruits that my mum would give me in a nice home stitched silk potli. It was also easy as all my friends too fasted.

When I got married, the only fast observed by my hubby’s family was Ekadashi. There are so many other fasts that the Gujarati community follows but the belief was that Ekadashi fast is way above the rest. By no means am I a religious person, but God fearing yes. I don’t follow certain traditions blindly and stick to the ones that I believe in. For example, I remember my aunt telling me that if I didn’t follow the sitla satam fasts all my kids would come down with chicken pox. But then isn’t chicken pox a part of growing up? We all get it at some stage of our childhood.

Samo Tikki/Barnyard Millet Pattis

Last Wednesday was Ekadashi Day and it would have been the usual meal mentioned above, but because of the theme, I decided to make a long forgotten snack.  I would purposely make more samo khichdi so that in the evening I could serve the family some samo tikki or barnyard millet pattis. My kids were not very fond of samo khichdi but they would devour the tikki with some yogurt. So for the Ekadashi that just went by informed hubby that I am making something different. Therefore, Samo tikki it was.

Present Scenario:

When the whole family was together, cooking on Ekadashi was like preparing a feast as we had to take care of everyone’s taste and favourites. Make their favourite and they will fast happily is the motto my mother in law and I adopted. As of today, do my sons keep the fast? No they don’t, but my daughter does occasionally.  Hubby tries to fast whenever possible except when we are travelling. With just the two of us at home now, Ekadashi meals are much simpler now. Hubby enjoys samo khichdi, potato curry and a glass of chaas. We try to consume fasting salt or sendha namak only once so evening time its usually fruit or a glass of milk.

Ekadashi Fast:

What is Ekadashi Fasting?  Also known as Agheeyaras, Ekadashi in Sanskrit is 11. Every 11th day of the lunar calendar, meaning that in a month there would be two 11th days. On the first 11th the moon is waxing or  growing and the second half the moon is waning or shrinking. These two days are considered spiritually important by the Hindus and is observed by full or partial fasting.

By this I mean whereby no grains, pulses, beans are consumed. Root vegetables, fruits, pumpkins, dairy products like milk, paneer and yogurt, herbs etc can be consumed. Its best to fast the whole day consuming only water. However, if that is not possible then the above mentioned foods can be eaten.

When my kids were young my mother in law would encourage us to make Ekadashi fun by making different kinds of food. That way the kids felt they were getting a special treat and loved fasting. While grains and pulses are not allowed, one is allowed to use samo,(sama, barnyard millet, which by the way is not considered a true millet), buckwheat, tapioca balls (sabudana), amaranth (rajgira)and water chest nut (singhada) flours.

Read more about Ekadashi here.

Some Ekadashi | Fasting Recipes you may want to try out:

Now before I go into the whole procedure of making Samo Tikki/ Barnyard Millet Pattis, there are so many different Fasting Day Recipes. Every state of India will have a particular dish for a particular fast. As I mentioned before for our family Ekadashi is very important so I have a variety of dishes that can be prepared for that fast.

Ingredients Required For Samo Tikki/ Barnyard Millet Pattis

  • Samo – also known as barnyard millet, moriyo, samvat ke chawal, bhagar, shyama rice, Kuthirai valli, Odalu, Kavadapullu. Cooked samo is required for this recipe. You can cook it or use leftover samo khichdi.
  • Potato – boiled, peeled and mashed
  • Amaranth Flour – rajgira or water chestnut flour(singhada atta) or arrowroot flour to bind the mixture together.
  • Green Chilli – either chopped finely or minced
  • Fresh Ginger – minced
  • Fresh Coriander – washed and finely chopped
  • Salt – usually a special salt called Sendha namak or Rock Salt is used during fasting days
  • Sesame Seeds – some people use sesame seeds during fasting, some don’t. If you don’t then omit it.
  • Cashew Nuts – chopped or can use peanuts.
  • Raisins – I love to add them, but this ingredient is optional
  • Cumin Seeds – jeera
  • Lemon Juice – add according to your taste
  • Sugar – optional. As I had added raisins, I omitted the sugar
  • Chutney of your choice to serve the tikki with


Dietary Tips:

  • Gluten Free
  • Vegan
  • Satvik
  • Vegetarian
  • Millet Recipe


A gluten free, vegan snack made from healthy millet and potato. Shallow fried and delcious, best to enjoy Samo tikki with some green chutney and masala tea.
5 from 11 votes
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 10 minutes
Total Time 25 minutes
Course Side Dish, Snack
Cuisine Indian
Servings 12 pieces


  • 2 cup samo /barnyard millet cooked
  • 1 cup mashed potato
  • 3-4 tbsp amaranth flour
  • 1 tsp green chilli paste
  • 1 tsp ginger paste
  • ¾ -1 tsp sendha namak (rock salt)
  • 1-2 tbsp lemon juice
  • ¼ cup fresh coriander chopped
  • 1 tsp cumin seeds
  • 1 tbsp sesame seeds
  • ½ tsp sugar optional
  • 8-10 cashew nuts roughly chopped
  • 1 tbsp raisins
  • some oil for shallow frying



  • Add the cooked samo to a mixing bowl.
  • Add all the remaining ingredients except for oil.
  • Mix it well.
  • Grease your hands with some oil and take about a tablespoonful of the pattis mixture. Shape it into a disc or patti.
  • Repeat the above step with the remaining mixture. If the mixture sticks to your hand, just rub your palms with some oil.
  • Heat about 4-6 tbsp oil in a frying pan over medium heat.
  • Gently place the number of tikkis that can fit in your pan.
  • Let it cook till it becomes golden brown. Flip them over and cook the other side till they become golden brown.
  • Don't be in a hurry to flip them as they may break.
  • Repeat with the remaining shaped tikki.
  • Serve hot tikki with some chutney of your choice.


  • Adjust spices according to your taste.
  • You can deep fry the tikki if you want to. Make sure the oil is hot enough before adding the tikki. Fry them till they are golden brown.
  • If you find the mixture is too soft and not pliable, add some amaranth flour.
  • To cook barnyard millet or samo, take about 1 cup of it. Wash three four times. Allow it to soak in double the amount of water, i.e. 2 cups. Pour the mixture in a saucepan and cook over medium heat. Can add a bit of salt but remember to adjust the amount for the pattis. Cook till the millet is soft and the water has evaporated. Allow the cooked millet to cool down completely before using it for the tikki mixture.
  • Use potatoes that are soft and floury. Not the sticky type.
Keyword barnyard millet pattis, gluten free pattis, leftover moriyo recipe, samo tikki

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A little request:

If you do try this recipe then please either

  • add a comment below,
  • send a picture to my email
  •  tag me as #mayuri_jikoni on Instagram
  • or tag me on Twitter as #Mayuri1962


  • priya vj

    July 6, 2020 at 4:08 pm

    5 stars
    This tikki recipe sounds delicious and easy to make . Will surely try this when I get an access to these flours and I must say you have an exhaustive list of faraali menu and I just like gujju faraal ka khana 🙂

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 12, 2020 at 3:14 pm

      Thank you so much Priya, I’ve only used rajgira flour for binding. If you want to make them just to enjoy them and not for fasting days then you can add besan or rice flour for binding.

  • Poonam Bachhav

    July 7, 2020 at 8:52 am

    5 stars
    Barnyard millet potato tikki sound like a delicious and filling fasting treat. I would prefer it any day over deep fried vadas. I like your tip of using leftover samo kichdi to make this tikki.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 12, 2020 at 3:12 pm

      Thank you so much Poonam, yes they are better than fried and a good way to enjoy samo.

  • Poonam Bachhav

    July 7, 2020 at 1:48 pm

    5 stars
    Barnyard millet tikki is a healthy alternative to deep fried sago fritters while fasting. I like your tip of using leftover samo khichdi in making this tikki.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 7, 2020 at 7:01 pm

      Thank you so much Poonam and yea a good way to use up leftover samo khichdi.

  • The Girl Next Door

    July 9, 2020 at 7:32 am

    5 stars
    The tikkis look absolutely delicious! While I make Moraiya Ni Khichdi often, I’ve never tried using the millet in tikkis. These sound so healthy. I’d definitely love to try them out.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 9, 2020 at 4:47 pm

      Thanks Priya, these tikkis are healthy and good way to add millet to our diet.

  • Kalyani

    July 9, 2020 at 8:41 am

    5 stars
    whoa ! Mayuri – that’s a HUGE list of fasting recipes you have on ur blog.. .Would love to try to some including this Samo tikki as my kids love all kinds of tikki / cutlets. I think I must start with one new grain at a time, and then move to another.. thanks so much for this share and lovely to read the fasting traditions at ur place

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 9, 2020 at 4:45 pm

      Thank you so much Kalyani, as I mentioned with the whole family fasting it becomes paramount to make different varieties.

  • FoodTrails

    July 9, 2020 at 4:20 pm

    5 stars
    These tikkis make a good snack or sandwich patty even for non fasting will love these.. I like the shallow frying method in low oil over deep frying.A good a way to use leftover Sama rice khichdi that usually no one wants to finish off..Thanks for sharing the recipe.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 9, 2020 at 4:44 pm

      Thank you so much Swaty and yes it would make a good patty for sandwiches and burgers. A good way to get the family to enjoy millet.

  • Preethicuisine

    July 12, 2020 at 9:17 am

    5 stars
    These barnyard millet Tikkis look delectable. So easy and delicious recipe. Loved reading about your fasting traditions. Awesome idea to use left over Kichdi and also as patties for burgers.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 12, 2020 at 2:55 pm

      Thank you so much Preethi.

  • Sujata Roy

    July 15, 2020 at 5:02 am

    5 stars
    Tikki looks super tempting Mayuri. Why to wait for fasting it would be great as a snack with some sauce or chutney. I rarely use barnyard millet on fasting day. But your post tempting me to try it soon.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 15, 2020 at 3:20 pm

      Thank you so much Sujata, and we tend to use barnyard millet soften for fasting days.

  • Sasmita

    July 15, 2020 at 7:52 am

    The tikkis using samo sound so perfect for festive time. A healthy, gluten free snack that too in shallow fried methods are much delicious. I would love to have with some spicy green chutney.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 15, 2020 at 3:18 pm

      Thank you so much Sasmita and yes its a healthy gluten free snack.


    July 16, 2020 at 9:16 pm

    5 stars
    These looks too tempting and healthy too. You have such a huge collection of fasting recipes. Next time i am going to visit your blog for ideas.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 17, 2020 at 6:50 pm

      Thank you so much Narmadha. Since my hubby and I often fast for Ekadashi, I try and make something different for him.

  • Niranjana Sankaranarayanan

    July 21, 2020 at 5:13 pm

    5 stars
    Love these samo tikkis that are healthy and filling. Since I observe ekadasi fasting, I will definitely try my hands on this tikki. This will also be a great evening time snack. Also you have a huge list of fasting recipes.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 21, 2020 at 5:25 pm

      Thank you so much Niranjana and please do try the tikkis.. they are even filling if you have it like a tikki chaat.

  • amrita

    July 31, 2020 at 10:59 am

    5 stars
    A very very healthy and nutritious recipe which we can have as snack and best part is it would be guilt free.. Fasting or not but definitely anyone would love to have these tikkis

    1. mayurisjikoni

      July 31, 2020 at 9:40 pm

      Thank you so much Amrita.Definitely can have them any day.

  • jithendra kumar

    September 3, 2021 at 1:38 am

    wonderful, but sorry to say millets is not suppose to be consumed on a ekadeshi day

    1. mayurisjikoni

      September 3, 2021 at 5:43 pm

      Jithendra Kumar I know millets are not allowed during Ekadashi Days. Samo is actually known as Barnyard Millet in English and is classed as a pseudo grain or pseudo cereal. It actually is a seed. So rest assured no millet has been used for this recipe.

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