Biryani Masala

December 28, 2020mayurisjikoni
Blog post





What is Biryani Masala?

Biryani Masala is a blend of aromatic spices in varying proportion that are roasted and powdered. Biryani Masala is the spice powder or blend that is commonly used to add to biryani or rice dishes. Masala is the term used in the Indian SubContinent for spice blends or spice powders. To give any biryani dish that spicy, aromatic, exquisite, distinct taste adding Biryani Masala is a must. 


Here are some of the Biryanis that I add Homemade Biryani Masala to:


Spice Blends, Spice Powders, Masalas, Podi

Whatever the name used for these spice and herb blends or mixtures, every  Continent or Region has its own mixtures that they are well known for. However, that does not mean that these areas are restricted to one spice blend or mixture but may have several. Take the Indian SubContinent, there are so many different spice mixtures or masalas. 


Homemade vs Ready made

Nowadays there are several companies, small businesses, that prepare spice mixtures and sell them. Over the years there has been much improvement in how the spice mixtures are prepared and packed to maintain freshness and fragrance. Ready made spices are a boon considering our busy lives.


My Personal Choice

I personally, make use of both homemade and ready made spice mixtures. I make spice mixtures that I don’t get readily in my area. Some I make so I can add a bit more of what spice or spices I prefer. I don’t like spice blends that are full of chilis, so prefer to make them at home. To use ready made or home made spice powders is entirely a personal choice. If I’m going to try a spice mixture from another cuisine, I initially would prefer to buy readymade initially as that gives me an idea how it tastes. Sometimes, I may not get the specific spice or herb and therefore buy readymade. 


FoodieMonday/ Bloghop Group

Wondering why I’m talking about spice mixtures this week? Well, the group’s 278th theme Spice Mix Secrets has been suggested by Aruna. Aruna blogs at Vasusvegkitchen. While her Garlic and Dry Coconut Powder (Velluli Kobbari karam) has been on my list to try out, I’ve added her Tomato Bath (Tomato Rice) to the list.


Growing up I remember helping my mum to prepare spice powders at home. She would make jar full of the spices. Back then she didn’t have spice blender or any of the modern gadgets that we have today. She used a mortar and pestle to grind the spices. Using mortar and pestle made from heavy stone, she would pound the spices. Sometimes, we siblings took turns to pound the spice especially when she would complain that her hands are hurting. She would dry fresh turmeric roots and red chilis in the sun for days. Once completely dry, the pounding would begin. These were made in huge quantities to last the whole year. 


Spice Mixtures/ Spice Powders you may want to check out:


Ingredients required for Biryani Masala/Spice Powder

  • Cinnamon – taj, cut into smaller pieces
  • Black Cardamom – also known as badi elachi, Elcho, it tastes different from the normal cardamom that we know of 
  • Cardamom – Elachi, use with the pods.
  • Black Pepper – peppercorns or mari. 
  • Cloves – laving
  • Nutmeg – jaiphal. I prefer to grate it and add the required amount to the spice blend
  • Mace – Javantri – break up the mace before measuring
  • Fennel Seeds – valiyari
  • Cumin Seeds– jeera
  • Coriander Seeds – dhana
  • Bay Leaves – tej patta
  • Dry Red Chillis – I prefer using Kashmiri Chillis are they are not fiery hot. I add only one or two of the fiery variety like Guntur or Teja or any other hot variety.
  • Star Anise – chakri/chakra phool
  • Turmeric – since I don’t have whole dry turmeric I usually add the powder


To give any biryani dish that spicy, aromatic, exquisite, distinct taste adding Biryani Masala is a must. Use this Biryani Masala or Biryani Spice Mixture for any biryani you prepare.
5 from 8 votes
Prep Time 10 minutes
Total Time 10 minutes
Course edible gift, Spice Mixture
Cuisine Indian
Servings 1 cup


  • 4 bay leaves
  • 4 tbsp coriander seeds
  • 2 tbsp cumin seeds
  • 2 tbsp fennel seeds
  • 2 star anise
  • 4 -6 red chillis dry
  • 1 tbsp mace
  • 4 black cardamom
  • 2 inch cinnamon stick
  • 12 cardamom
  • 1 tsp nutmeg powder
  • 1 tsp black pepper
  • ½ tsp turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp cloves


  • Put the whole spices (not the powdered ones) into a wide pan or frying pan.
  • Put the pan over medium to low heat.
  • Constantly mixing, roast the spices for 1-2 minutes or till you get the aroma of the roasted spices.
  • Transfer the roasted spices to a plate and allow it to cool.
  • Add the spices to a spice or coffee grinder along with nutmeg and turmeric powders.
  • Blend to a fine powder.
  • Allow the powder to cool down a bit.
  • Store in an airtight container like a jar till required.


  • Roast the spices over low heat as you don't want to burn them and keep on stirring them constantly.
  • Store the spice powder in an airtight container to maintain freshness and fragrance.
  • Adjust spices according to your taste.
  • I live in a hot and humid place so I store spice mixtures in the fridge.
  • If you have access to black stone flower or dagad phool, then add about a teaspoonful. It gives a lovely aroma and flavour especially if you're going to use biryani masala for meat or chicken biryani.
Keyword Biryani Masala, Homemade, Biryani Spice Mixture

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A little request:

If you do try this recipe then please either

  • add a comment below,
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  •  tag me as #mayuri_jikoni on Instagram
  • or tag me on Twitter as #Mayuri1962







  • Priya Vj

    December 28, 2020 at 6:12 pm

    5 stars
    Home made spice mixes are always special for the care we take in roasting each ingredient to perfection and blending to the correct texture . I am sure this biryani masala will elevate the taste of the chole biryani

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 6, 2021 at 7:10 pm

      Thank you so much Priya, yes it can be time consuming but worth the effort. I use this masala for all biryanis and pulao too.

  • Sujata Roy

    January 1, 2021 at 6:11 am

    5 stars
    So useful recipe. Biryani masala is much needed spice mixture for every household. Not only for Biryani but we can make our pulao or other rice dishes more aromatic. But I never tried it at home, always used store bought. Now I have a full proof recipe. I would love to try it soon.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 1, 2021 at 8:56 pm

      Thank you so much Sujata. Am sure after you make the homemade one you will not want to buy the ready made one.

  • Preethicuisine

    January 3, 2021 at 8:11 am

    5 stars
    Home made fresh Biryani masala is so fresh and flavourful. Even I use home made and store bought masala powder. I would like to try your version as my boys love Biryani.New spice mix recipes makes me so happy.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 3, 2021 at 4:54 pm

      Thanks Preethi. After making biryani spice mixture at home, I’ve stopped buying ready made as they tend to be more chilli than other flavors.

  • Vasusvegkitchen

    January 3, 2021 at 6:16 pm

    5 stars
    A must need masala powder in our pantry, homemade masala’s are always fresh and gives good taste to any recipe. Loved your biryani masala color and presentation as always. Bookmarking this biryani masala to try for my next biryani recipe.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 3, 2021 at 7:49 pm

      Thank you so much Aruna. Please do try the masala.


    January 4, 2021 at 4:32 am

    […] the world on her blog. I love her bakes and traditional Gujarati recipes . I have bookmarked her Biryani Masala and Methi Dhebra recipes. Do check her space and i am sure you can learn a lot from the treasure […]

  • Archana

    January 5, 2021 at 9:19 am

    5 stars
    I am bookmarking this Biryani masala. Sounds very flavourful and delicious will jack up the flavours of any biryani.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 5, 2021 at 3:56 pm

      Thank you Archana, I even use some when I make pulao.

  • Indrani Sen

    January 5, 2021 at 4:46 pm

    5 stars
    Its a great idea to make the biryani masala at home and store it. I either use whole spices or use readymade masala. looks lovely

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 5, 2021 at 10:36 pm

      Thank you Indrani, initially I too was using whole spices but now prefer the powder form

  • Swati

    January 6, 2021 at 6:57 am

    5 stars
    What a wonderful idea to make Biryani masala at home.. love the idea of using it in pulao too.. sounds so flavorful.I love homemade masalas, bookmarking it to try out soon.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 6, 2021 at 7:00 pm

      Thank you so much Swati. Am sure you’ll love it and will be able to add more or less spices according to your taste.

  • Jayashree T.Rao

    January 6, 2021 at 9:32 am

    5 stars
    It is so handy to make this and store at home. Homemade masala must be so aromatic with fresh spices.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      January 6, 2021 at 6:01 pm

      They definitely are Jayashree, thank you so much

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