papdi no lot (steamed rice flour dough)/khichu

May 9, 2012mayurisjikoni
Blog post

A tribute to my bhabhi

Sonal bhabhi, my late sister in law immediately took me under her wing from the first day I met her. Always smiling, friendly and motherly she taught and advised me whenever I needed her help. Whenever we visited Nairobi, meals were not an elaborate affair at her place. Simple but tasty dishes were prepared in no time to feed us and her family. What I learnt from her was a foolproof recipe to make the perfect papdi no lot(steamed rice flour dough). If you follow the measurements and tips given below, then papdi no lot or khichu turns out not too hard and not too soft. I have tried out this recipe with rice flour from India, Kenya , UK and the end result is the same. Of course feel free to vary the amount of green chillis you use.

What is papdi no lot or khichu?

Papdi no lot or khichu is a very popular Gujarati snack, more so in some communities than others. It is prepared on a regular basis in most Patel homes. Prepare it for brunch, light lunch, for guests at teatime or dinner,most Gujaratis love it. Usually papdi no lot is steamed to make papdi or rice crackers/papad. Papdi is rolled out into a thin circle of 5-6 inches in diameter. It is then dried in the sun and stored. The dry papdi or rice cracker is then roasted over open fire, charcoal one being the most ideal or its fried. Papdi is usually served with khichdi.

Whenever families made papdi from papdi no lot, it was like a whole day affair as it was made in huge quantities during summer. Papdis can be stored throughout the year. Part of the papdi making ritual was also to enjoy hot steaming papdi no lot.

How is papdi no lot or khichu made?

Rice flour along with some spices and fresh green chilli paste is first cooked in hot water till it becomes like a dough. The dough is then allowed to cool a bit. The dough is lightly kneaded till it becomes a bit smooth. Small portions of the dough is then shaped into a doughnut like shape. These are then steamed. To make papdi the steamed dough is further kneaded till its smooth. Then small portions of the dough are rolled and dried in the sun.

Requirements for perfect papdi no lot or khichu

If you’re making papdi no lot for eating, then don’t use very glutinous rice. This results in the dough becoming too sticky and difficult to swallow. Also don’t knead the dough too much as this will make it sticky. Add measured amount of water in the initial stage. If the resulting dough is dry you can always add some in small amounts. How much water is required depends entirely on the type of rice used to make the flour. Some absorb more water than others. Its a misconception that the more you boil the green chilli paste  in the water it results a lovely yellowish dough. The yellowish colour comes from the cumin(jeera) and carom (ajwain) seeds that are boiled in the water till the water appears very light green in colour. When steaming the dough, the container in which the dough is placed should not touch the water otherwise the dough will become very soft.

How to serve papdi no lot or khichu

Papdi no lot is usually served steaming hot with oil of your choice and some garlic chutney, red chilli powder or pickle masala. I tend to use readymade pickle masala, my preferred brand is Apex. Do try papdi no lot with some olive oil. It tastes different. Its usually served on its own as a snack or a light meal.

Some of my favourite Gujarati Snacks

Gujarati cuisine has a variety of snacks which are eaten either for breakfast or at tea time. However in my home most of these snack items are consumed like a light meal. I enjoy these fresh snacks or farsan as its called in Gujarati anytime over dry varieties of snacks. While we enjoy muthia,  handvo or thepla as a light meal, usually in the evenings, arvi na paan, dhokra and khandvi are served along with a main meal.

Dietary guideline

Papdi no lot is gluten free, vegan, stavic (if not using garlic chutney) and Jain friendly.
papdi no lot 1
papdi no lot 3
papdi no lot 2

Makes 10 – 12 small pieces

2 cups rice flour
4 – 4½ cups water
2 tsp cumin seeds (jeera)
2 tsp sesame seeds (tal) 
1 tsp carom seeds (ajwain,ajmo)
2 tsp salt
1 tsp green chilli paste
12 peppercorns
½ inch cinnamon stick
6 -8 cloves
4 tsp oil
½ tsp soda bicarbonate
¼ tsp asafoetida (hing)

  1. Crush the peppercorns lightly. Do not make it into a powder.
  2. Cut the cloves into 2 with a sharp knife.
  3. Cut the cinnamon into smaller pieces.
  4. Sieve the flour. Add  the peppercorns, cloves, cinnamon and hing.
  5. Put the water to boil in a saucepan. When it begins to boil, add the cumin, carom and sesame seeds. Let it boil till the water becomes a pale yellowy green colour.
  6. Add the salt, oil, chilli and the soda bicarbonate and immediately add the flour.
  7. Stir using a wooden spoon till all the flour and water is mixed. It may appear lumpy but thats fine.
  8. Take it off the heat and let the dough cool down enough so that you can handle it. 
  9. Take the dough out of the pan into a wide vessel like a large tray or plate. Smear your hands with some oil and knead the dough with the palm of your hand till its quite smooth.
  10. Divide the dough into 10-12 pieces, depending on the size you want. Keep on greasing the palm if the dough sticks. Roll out the dough into a ball and flatten it slightly. Make a hole in the middle with your finger. It should look like a doughnut.
  11. Put water in a steamer over medium heat. Let the water boil.
  12.  When the water is hot place the dough on the steamer tray. Cover with a cotton cloth. Cover the pan with a lid.
  13. Steam the dough for 30 minutes on medium heat. If your steamer is small, steam the dough in small batches.
  14. Serve piping hot with oil and garlic chutney, ready pickle masala or red chilli powder.
  • Can make ahead and leave it. Just warm it up in the steamer before serving.
  • I find covering the dough while steaming with a big white hankerchief the most convenient as  in other cloths the colour may run. The idea of covering with a cloth is so that the water dripping from the side of the lid does not make the dough too soft.
  • Make sure the water in the steamer is not touching the steamer tray or plate. Usually filling it quarter of the way is fine.
  • Can try using the chinese steamer. I am sure it will work.
  • You can freeze them without steaming. Steam when required.
  • Amount of water required will depend on the type of rice flour, some absorb more, some less. I prefer to use initially use only 4 cups and then add more if required once you have added the flour to the water.

Pin for later:

papdi no lot



  • Unknown

    April 26, 2013 at 6:46 am

    Hi Mayuri, I love your blog, have bookmarked a few recipes to try, thank you for sharing them.
    I made your khichi this morning. It was really delicious! I had problems with the balls keeping their shape, however. Upon steaming, they melted into each other. Not a big problem, as I just cut them into squares when they cooled and they were yummy.
    The dough was quite soft when I was kneading it – should I have added more rice flour? Also, I shaped the dough while it was still warm – should I have waited for it to cool completely?

  • Mayuri's jikoni

    April 26, 2013 at 1:59 pm

    Hi,I am glad you love my blog, thank you so much. As for the khichi, you probably had a bit too much water left in the dough.Next time try using 4 cups. Before you roll the balls, if you find the dough too hard you can always add a bit more water.The amount of water required depends so much on the type of rice used to make the flour. Some absorb more water then the others.Because the dough was soft, the balls merged when steamed. Even adding too much soda bicarbonate can result in the balls not maintaining their shape on steaming. But in your case its definitely more water. You could have added a bit more flour.

  • alpa

    September 18, 2013 at 3:05 pm

    Hi Mayuri,
    I LOVE your blog!!! Thank you so much for taking the time to record so many Gujju dishes. I think sometimes people feel that everyday food is not special, but I get scared sometimes that they will be long forgotten! It's this huge phobia of mine LOL. Growing up and even now, I try to memorize all my mother's dishes.

    I also love the way you cook and make special items for your friends and family too. Living in the US all my life, it is so interesting when you talk about your everyday life in Mombasa! I love your writing! Keep going 🙂


  • Anonymous

    November 1, 2013 at 3:22 am

    Wonderful recipe…I'm going to try this one over the weekend. Can you tell me why it's essential to cover the steaming dough balls covered with a cloth?

  • Pari Vasisht

    July 10, 2014 at 3:59 am

    That's such a healthy preparation. Thanks for linking it to ONLY gluten free.

  • Nisa@flavour Diary

    August 5, 2016 at 2:25 pm

    Snack is easy n simple to make…loving it

  • Unknown

    March 22, 2017 at 12:04 am

    Love this!

    Do you know how many carbs would be in one piece?

  • Mayuri Patel

    March 22, 2017 at 9:05 pm

    According to fitness pal 1 serving or 1 cup of papdi no lot has 360 calories and about 80g carbs.

    1. Jayaprakash B Vyas

      June 19, 2023 at 12:29 pm

      Hello Mayuri
      Thanks for nice recipes — papdi no lot- is then one I will try with help from wife as she has her own way of doing things.
      Yes Mombasa is the place as I was born there and my parents, brothers and sisters lived there.May be your family will know the Vyas family living near the stadium
      One more food item
      Mambari and bharaji that is one of Mombasa special dish
      If know please provide for our Guju friends
      We make it here in USA for friends that don’t know this dish
      Take Care and keep on cooking

      1. mayurisjikoni

        June 19, 2023 at 3:41 pm

        Thank you so much for following my blog. I hope you will try out the papdi no lot.. it turns out good. It is a recipe I learned from my late bhabhi. We know late Sudhir Vyas and late Anil Vyas. They both though not related to us as such always treated my mother in law as their sister. Still in touch with both the families as they are family for us.Are you related to them?

  • Dhruov .S.B

    April 18, 2017 at 8:41 am

    Hello Mayuriji!
    Please advise if glutenous rice flour can be used for this recipe? Thank you.

  • Mayuri Patel

    April 18, 2017 at 5:14 pm

    Hello Dhruov, glutenous rice flour tends to be sticky therefore papdi no lot may turn out sticky. I would not recommend using that rice. Use normal rice or basmati rice flour or any non sticky rice flour.

  • vandanahr2gmailcom

    October 17, 2019 at 8:06 pm

    This recipe is so good and unique. Your blog has made me realise how rich is Gujarati cuisine. I am really excited to try more of your recipes. The garlic chutney also looks mouth watering.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 20, 2019 at 8:19 pm

      Thanks Vandana, Gujarati cuisine is so well known for its snacks.

  • Renu Agrawal Dongre

    October 20, 2019 at 1:01 am

    I remember eating this in Surat for breakfast with some butter. It was so tasty and yum. I am loving your recipe, the pics are so tempting and it looks so soft and perfectly done. I am definetly trying this.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 20, 2019 at 8:13 pm

      Thanks Renu, I’ll have to try it with butter.

  • geetha priyanka

    October 20, 2019 at 8:00 pm

    At first glance of the image I thought it’s a kind of Gujarati version vada!! This recipe sounds like a perfect snack to enjoy, how perfectly you’ve shaped the dough. Lovely share…

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 20, 2019 at 8:10 pm

      Thank you so much Geetha.

  • simplysensationalfood

    October 21, 2019 at 2:21 pm

    I love khichi but always struggle to get that nice green colour. I will try your recipe as I was under the impression that it was chillies that gave the green colour.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 21, 2019 at 4:05 pm

      Nayna, its the cumin and ajwain that gives it that colour. Hope you like my recipe.

  • Pavani

    October 21, 2019 at 10:44 pm

    Lovely post Mayuri. Papdi no lot is totally new to me but reading your post – I want to try this snack for my family some time soon. Gujaratis sure have so many interesting and delicious snacks.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 22, 2019 at 6:05 pm

      Thank you so much Pavani and you’re right Gujaratis have so many snack recipes. Hope you love this dish. I know some of my non gujarati friends love it.

  • Rafeeda – The Big Sweet Tooth

    October 22, 2019 at 7:51 am

    Recipes that are learnt from a near one is always special, isn’t it? May the Almighty bless your bhaabi’s soul… The papdi no lot sounds super interesting. Steamed dishes are always much healthier, and all the spices going into it makes it a very delicious offering…

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 22, 2019 at 6:03 pm

      Thank you so much Rafeeda, this recipe is so dear to me as I learnt from my bhabhi. Her memories will live on through this recipe.

  • Malini

    October 22, 2019 at 8:46 am

    This is such a unique recipe, I am hearing about it for the first time. This is one of the best things when we connect with different food bloggers. We get to know their authentic recipes. Very well explained, loved the tips part. Bookmarking it!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 22, 2019 at 6:01 pm

      Thank you so much Malini. Please do try the recipe.

  • Anshika Juneja

    October 22, 2019 at 10:04 am

    This is absolutely a new recipe for me. I love how you have given step by step pictures of this recipe. I am definitely going to make this for my family. I’m sure they are going to enjoy.

    1. Lata Lala

      October 22, 2019 at 8:58 pm

      Papdi no lot has been my all time favourite as I am born and raised in Gujarat. And the special mention of your Bhabhi in this recipe makes it even more special. These recipes are such a treasure.
      Lovely share

      1. mayurisjikoni

        October 23, 2019 at 4:31 pm

        Thank you so much Lata.

  • FoodTrails

    October 22, 2019 at 7:33 pm

    When I looked at the pictures I thought it something like Makkai Dokla, Rajasthani dish, but after reading your post, this is altogether a new dish form me.Very interesting and looks delicious to try!!.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2019 at 4:33 pm

      Thanks Swaty, it is so delicious and easy to make.

  • Sandhya Ramakrishnan

    October 22, 2019 at 8:08 pm

    What an authentic recipe this is! So happy to be able to learn the regional delights. We make something similar in South called the Nombu Adai. It is made for sathyavan Savithri Vrat and it is something similar. We make the sweet and savory version of it. I will be trying this version soon.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2019 at 4:32 pm

      Thanks Sandhya and glad to learn about a new dish from you.

  • Sandhya

    October 23, 2019 at 6:08 am

    Absolutely mouthwatering dish Mayuri. I like the spice combination of tal, jeera and ajwain with the green chilies.And what a beautiful tribute to your sis-in-law!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2019 at 4:30 pm

      Thank you so much Sandhya.

  • Seema Doraiswamy Sriram

    October 23, 2019 at 10:18 am

    Lovely steamed snack here mayuri. I will love to try this soon. Do you reckon i can freeze them as well?

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2019 at 4:30 pm

      Thanks Seema, yes what you do is when you shape them, freeze them. When you want to serve them, take it out of the freezer, defrost in the micro and then steam it for 25-30 minutes. That’s what my family in UK does.

  • amrita

    October 23, 2019 at 12:18 pm

    This is an interesting snack and the best part is it is steamed…You have nicely explained the process and from where the mild colour came from nd how to serve…love it totally

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 23, 2019 at 4:28 pm

      Thank you so much Amrita.

  • Padma Veeranki

    October 24, 2019 at 10:32 am

    Love this donut shaped snack…Papdi no lot is completely new to me….I would love to try this snack…the best part is that it is steamed, which makes it a healthy snacking option!!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 25, 2019 at 4:45 pm

      Thanks Padma, it a famous Gujarati snack.

  • Jagruti’s Cooking Odyssey

    October 26, 2019 at 10:56 am

    This khichu is a favourite in our house. When I was younger, back in my parents house I used to make when mum goes out and I got hungry, as a snack

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 28, 2019 at 2:41 pm

      Thanks Jagruti, its our favorite too.

  • Priya Srinivasan

    October 29, 2019 at 5:39 pm

    these khichus look pretty tempting mayuriji, i have made poha khichu sometimes back, love the simplicity of the recipe and the punching flavors!!! Love how you have served them, with a sprinkle of masala on top 🙂

    1. mayurisjikoni

      October 30, 2019 at 4:27 pm

      Thank you so much Priya. Is your poha khichu recipe on your blog?

  • Seema Doraiswamy Sriram

    November 9, 2019 at 12:42 pm

    such a lovely recipe. I always look for steamed snack recipes. so glad to see this. Can I use roasted rice flour?

    1. mayurisjikoni

      November 11, 2019 at 4:00 pm

      Thanks Seema, never tried it with roasted rice flour as I feel it may not hold together. However, you could try out a small portion.

  • sasmita

    November 10, 2019 at 8:19 pm

    WOW !! such a new dish for me. Looks so very interesting and I wouldn’t mind to try this delicious dish sometime, so easy it seems 🙂

    1. mayurisjikoni

      November 11, 2019 at 3:53 pm

      Thanks Sasmita, please try it.

  • themadscientistskitchen

    March 30, 2020 at 9:38 am

    I want to make this authentic Pepsi no lot. Sounds delicious and I have the rice flour too. Will try for breakfast tomorrow.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      March 30, 2020 at 8:59 pm

      Thanks Archana, papdi no lot is a famous snack especially with the Patel community. Hope you like it.

  • hem lata srivastava

    April 8, 2020 at 3:29 pm

    Such a healthy preparation, very well explained. Looks so tempting

    1. mayurisjikoni

      April 11, 2020 at 8:44 pm

      Thank you so much Hema Lata.

  • Superduperkitchen -Niranjana Sankaranarayanan

    April 9, 2020 at 7:35 pm

    This one reminds me of mor koozh we make at home. This is quite different from that. Would love to try it out.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      April 11, 2020 at 8:43 pm

      Niranjana, next time when I’m in Bangalore we have to have a home party. I would love you to taste this dish.

      1. Superduperkitchen -Niranjana Sankaranarayanan

        April 12, 2020 at 8:09 am

        Sure Mayuriji…would love to make it for you😊

  • Jolly

    April 10, 2020 at 10:17 pm

    Recipes that are learnt from our near ones are always special. May the Almighty bless your bhabhi soul. The name of the dish papdi no lot sounds really interesting, by name I thought it’s papdi and by seeing it looks like vada. The way of making is totally different. Steamed dishes are always much healthier. Love this healthy and interesting share!

    1. mayurisjikoni

      April 11, 2020 at 8:37 pm

      Thank you so much Jolly, its a very famous snack among the Patel community. Will make it for you when I come to Bangalore again.

  • Preethicuisine

    April 11, 2020 at 12:16 pm

    Absolutely new recipe for me.Tempted to this recipe now.Loved the detailed explanation.

    1. mayurisjikoni

      April 11, 2020 at 8:35 pm

      Thanks Preethi, and its a very common dish for Patels.

  • accomodating employee

    June 21, 2020 at 12:00 pm

    5 stars
    Hi! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and tell you I
    really enjoy reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that go over the same topics?
    Thanks a lot!

  • great recipe

    March 20, 2021 at 1:10 pm

    Dear Mayuri, just wanted to say this is an amazing recipe and ever since I have been a child it has been my favourite food although couldn’t find a recipe that would help me make it by myself. I am so glad I found your page it has helped me lots and I know how to make it at home for myself.

    Please keep up the great recipes I think it really helps as could never find much written down in detail that helps make amazing Gujarati food.

    kaushika patel

    1. mayurisjikoni

      March 20, 2021 at 6:26 pm

      Thank you so much Kaushika Patel, I am so happy that you love my recipes. That is why the blog is there, to help people learn new and traditional recipes. Once again thank you so much for trying out the recipe.

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